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Personal Mixing // Starting With a Good Foundation


If you are unfamiliar with personal monitoring systems, it’s time to get up to speed. Personal monitor systems allow each performer to have a mix with as much “me” as they want without conflicting with their neighbor. They can allow you to take most if not all the monitors (floor wedges) off the stage, reducing clutter and, more importantly, reducing the fight between stage volume and the house mix. There are so many fantastic benefits to personal monitors! Whether they are Aviom units or IEMs, it is hard to find reason not to jump right in.

Personal monitor mixing is at the same time a fantastic tool and a frustrating one. For the tech, it’s great because they don’t have to spend so much time trying to make everyone hear themselves over everyone else.  Performers get the benefit of hearing as much of “me” as they want. Mixing personal monitors may not take a technical degree, but its a bit more involved than adjusting the balance on your car stereo. Making a great personal mix is about ensuring you can hear everything you need to perform your best. This is one of those places that the old “less is more” adage is true.

Over the next few posts, we will explore some tips to making a great personal mix.  And while we won’t dive into the mixing deep end, these principles will help you make a good mix quickly. For the experts out there, these are great principles to teach your volunteers and to help those around you grasp. They will improve your practices, performances, and reduce volunteer frustration.


The first thing to know about getting a good personal mix is that you don’t need to hear everything. Now that we have somewhere between 16 and 48 channels that we can adjust ourselves, we feel like we need to use them. We don’t. When it comes down to it, there are really only two things that you need to hear. The foundations of a great personal mix start with a pitch reference and a timing reference.


Pitch reference is what you need to make sure you are singling or playing in tune with the song. The instruments or voices that make up your personal pitch reference will vary. It could be the lead vocalist, the piano, acoustic guitar, etc.

For illustration purposes, let’s say you are a lead guitar player. The rest of the band is made up of a worship leader who is playing acoustic, a keyboard player, a synth/pad player, a drummer, a bass player, and three background vocalists. As a lead guitarist, you need to be able to hear the chords being played, the pitch reference, so you know when you are on, or if you are off. You don’t necessarily need to hear the background vocalists, or even the pads. Find out which tracks are the key pitch reference tracks for the song or set, and give those prominence in your mix.  But keep in mind that those references will vary from set to set, as songs and personnel change.  Identify what your pitch references will be during your week of practice, so that you are totally prepared for rehearsal and performances.


Just like the pitch reference will keep you honest where the harmony and melody is concerned, the timing reference will do the same for tempo and feel. If you can’t hear the beat, you can’t sing on it. The timing reference is usually the drums. But you don’t need ALL the drums (if you have the option). Try getting just that kick and snare going, with some high-hats and that’s it. Throw the toms and cymbals back in the mix. You might get some timing or syncopation from the bass player, if so, bring that track up.

Remember that the your timing reference may change! Based on your set, it may not always be the drums. It may be the acoustic guitar strum, or the rhythm electric, or even a metronome (click track). And it may vary by song. Be aware of changes to the timing reference tracks over the course of your playlist.

Mixing this way is harder to do in practice than in theory. We tend to start assigning all the tracks to one of the categories. “I need to hear the background harmonies as pitch reference to my solo.” Probably not. “I need to turn up the pads so that I can harmonize my vocals.” Meh, most likely not. Work at identifying the key pitch and rhythm reference channels and start your mix there. Practice turning down the tracks that you don’t absolutely need to nail your performance.

Remember, this is about getting you the mix you need to play your best. We’re not mixing to win a Grammy here. The better you get at reducing the mix clutter, the better your mix will sound, and the better you will perform because of it.

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3 Responses to “Personal Mixing // Starting With a Good Foundation”

  1. So generally, I agree with you, but how do you balance what you’re playing with the the group? Essentially, how do I play within my sonic piece of the pie if I can’t hear everything?

  2. Great question Joe. You need to determine what you need to hear, of course. Some people may need to hear more, some less. If you are playing off everyone on the team, then you may need to have more brought up in the mix. Most people, for a personal mix, don’t need to hear everything. For example, in many cases, the pads are there to add “harmonic glue”, if you will. Other instruments are usually playing the same harmony (acoustic guitar, piano, etc). So is hearing the pads critical? Probably not (no offense to pad players).

    This post is the first in a series and we will talk about some other aspects. This is about the foundation. What is the most critical to you performing well. Identifying those will help you prioritize all the available channels. Start with the pitch and timing references, then slowly add the next line of things you need to hear, prioritize with volume.

  3. Great stuff! One other thing I’ve tried to help our teams understand is that if they can’t hear something in their mix, the answer may not be turning it up, but listening to something else they can turn down which may be drowning out or in a similar frequency range as the item they’re trying to hear. Typicall, it’s the keyboard, which you mention is not necessarily integral to pitch and timing. It’s fun to see the light bulb go on when they realize turning stuff down gives them a better mix than turning stuff up.

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